The United States Census Bureau estimates that in 2010 foreign-born individuals comprised 12.9 percent of the U.S. population. This foreign-born population represents nearly 40 million individuals, or about one in eight U.S. residents.
In comparison, 50 years ago, there were approximately 9.7 million foreign-born persons living in the U.S., representing about 5.4 percent of the 1960 United States’ population.
During the time period between 1960 and 2010, not only did the number of foreign-born individuals increase significantly, but the origin birth of the foreign-born population changed dramatically.
According to Census Bureau data, in 1960:
In 2010, the figures reveal a dramatic shift in region of birth:
The Census Bureau data also provides that in 1960 Italy was the top country of birth for U.S foreign-born residents at 1.3 million, followed by:
In 2010, Mexico was at the top with 11.7 million of the foreign-born individuals in the U.S coming from Mexico, followed by:
U.S. census data estimates that in 1960, 70 percent of the foreign-born population resided in the Northeast and Midwest regions of America, and approximately two-thirds of all U.S. states had less than a five percent foreign-born population.
In contrast, by 2010 about two-thirds of all U.S. states had greater than a five percent foreign-born population: 67 percent of the foreign-born population lived in the Western and Southern states with 27 percent of California’s population being foreign born. Census data figures also report that in 1960 the median age of the foreign-born population in the U.S. was 57.3 years. In 2010, the median age dropped to 41.4 years.
According to the Department of Homeland Security’s 2011 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, (DHS Yearbook)
In 1960, 265,398 individuals obtained U.S. legal permanent resident status. By 2011 this figure grew dramatically to nearly 1.1 million individuals securing legal permanent resident status, with the greatest number of legal permanent residents being from Mexico, followed by China and India. The DHS yearbook also reports that in 1960, 111,442 individuals were naturalized in the U.S. with the number of naturalizations growing to 694,193 in 2011.
If you would like to learn more about recent and historical immigration patterns in the United States additional statistical information is available on both the U.S. Census Bureau and Department of Homeland Security websites. Should you have questions about how you can legally immigrate to the U.S., apply for naturalization or other the immigration processes please contact us today by calling 410-321-4994.
Miranda & Weisman is a full service Towson immigration law firm representing individuals, families and businesses throughout the Baltimore region and surrounding areas.